Category Archives: Q1 PWCC Stanthorpe

Cara Mamma

I am very grateful to Reinhard Krieger, a collector of military post, who has shared with me letters and postcards, written by Queensland Italian POWs to their families in Italy.

POW mail was censored but these letters to families still have much to tell us about the men who wrote them.

On 23.10.45, Umberto Liberto wrote a letter to his mother, from a farm in the Q1 Stanthorpe area.  Umberto was one of the youngest POWs who made their way to Queensland.  Born in 1922, he was 19 years old when captured in Libya in February 1941 and 23 years old when he wrote this letter. He had been working on a farm/farms in the Stanthorpe area since 27th October 1943.

Q1 Stanthorpe Liberto Umberto

 

Cowra, NSW. 16 September 1943. Group of Italian prisoners of war (POW) interned at No. 12 POW Group. Back row, left to right: 49731 A. Olivieri; 45651 A. Fazio; 49632 D. Mocchetti; 49373 U. Liberto; 46913 G. Villa; 49942 L. Volonteri. Front row: 45782 L. Gardini; 49884 I. Paniccia; 49436 L. Casinelli; 49792 A. Alessi. Note: The number is an assigned POW number.

(AWM, Lewecki, Image 030149/21)

23.10.45

Dear Mum

A couple of lines so as to not leave you without any of my news that thanks to God is good, as I hope is the same for you.  Last week my work employers sent you two packages.  I hope that they arrive there.  I have also sent you my photo and eight pounds Stirling but as yet have not receive a reply. Dear Mum, by now the worst has passed but there are still some months and then all will be finished.  Your mail takes 5 to 6 months to arrive and not so often just now and then some letters.  Anyway as for now it is not so important because all of this is coming to an end.  You will not recognise your son – five years has been a long time.  However, it could have been worse.

Finally hugs and kisses to share around.

Yours Berto.

(translation by Morwenna Arcidiacono, Stanthorpe)

Liberto, Umberto

Letter from Umberto Liberto to his mother in Italy 23.10.45

(kindly contributed by Reinhard Krieger, Brisbane)

 

 

Further Reading

India

A very good reference to life for Italian Prisoners of War in India can be found at Maddy’s Ramblings  Maddy also relates the story of Filippo Casella who had been imprisoned in India, returned to Italy then made his way to Australia.  The purchase of a small vineyard in 1966 was the beginning of Casella Wines and its well known brand Yellow Tail.

List of Camps in India

India and UK

Italian Prisoners of War and Internees in India

Indian Camp Currency

Bangalore

Italian POWs arrive in Bombay

Bairagarh

India: Ramgarh

Australia

The Italian Farming Soldiers by Alan Fitzgerald  published in 1981, it is the first comprehensive book on the subject of Italian prisoners of war in Australia

When Italian Prisoners of War Were in Australia

History of Directorate of Prisoners of War and Internees

Employment of Enemy PW and Internees

Remo and Romolo

South Australia

From Tobruk to Clare  is the story of Luigi Bortolotti as recorded in this diary manuscript.

Campbelltown

Victoria

GippslandColacFrancesco PonzoniNorth East VictoriaBete Bolong Orbost,

Victorian POW CampsBroadfordLeongatha and Adolfo AllariaMurchison,  Northcliffe, Graytown

Leongatha and Warragul

Umberto Cofrancesco’s biography covers fighting in North Africa, capture and treatment, life in POW Camp India, transfer to Australia, working in Victoria and repatriation.

Tasmania

North West TasmaniaQuamby BrookLulworth the story of Augusto Silvestri, West ScottsdaleBrighton Army CampLuigo Pezzotti

Queensland

Stanthorpe and the Granite Belt : Echoes of Italian Voices Family Histories from Queensland’s Granite Belt edited by Francesco and Morwenna Arcidiacono (a chapter on the Stanthorpe POWs)

Kingaroy: We Remember, Italian Prisoners of War 1944/45 by Docas Grimmet (collection of Kingaroy residents’ memories)

Q6 Home Hill Francesco Cipolla

Wallangarra German POWs from Kormoran

New South Wales

Don CaprezioNorth and North WestCowraMick CamardaIngleburn Hostel,

Bathurst Hostel Funeral and DeathsSt Ives Hostel and Rick Pisaturo,

Toogimbie / Riley’s BendFrank Foster and POWsCanowindra Bruno Dell Amico,

Lismore Koonorigan Wallace Jackson,

Western Australia

NorthamPrisoner of War Hut West Bruce RockRosemary Johnston ResearchNorthcliffe HostelKarrakatta

A book by Bill Bunbury, Rabbits and Spaghetti, tells the story of  Internees and Prisoners of War using local stories, experiences and memories.